Te Papa Summary
Why they came to New Zealand
What they brought with them
- Way of life
All integrate into and effect what is here.
In a new land someone such as the Indian bride found such things
No Indian food
No Indian clothes or materials
A different climate
No social interaction
However the 2nd generation are kiwis. Raises the question of retaining their own Indian culture –
should they? How hard is it?
1860 – 1870 Gold rush
Post 1940’s Post war Europe suffered from rebuilding and economic problems so many immigrated here.
1940 – 1960 New Zealand economic boom due to exports to depressed Europe. New Zealand advertised overseas for immigrants.
1970 Dip – economic recession due to oil prices. No longer “the
land of milk and honey” due to bad export markets – Britain entered the EEC.
Mid 1970’s Muldoon developed the Think Big Plan – big projects needed labourers. Pacific Island immigration opened up.
1980 Brakes on immigration due to too many. Overstayers found in dawn raids. World wide recession
Today there are more leaving than coming – emigration, death, low birth rate and low immigration rate.
Points System for Immigration
- General skills
Work in New Zealand to make money to provide for the family.
Few employment opportunities in the Islands.
Consider that they have two homes.
Educating the children is very important as well as being with the family.
Symbols of culture which they bring with them:
Shells, family photos, achievement recognition, status symbols, patterns, clothes, tapa cloth, woven mats.
Arrived during the last 150 years.
Came for a variety of reasons:
- To escape poverty
- To escape war
- To seek adventure
- New lifestyle
- Searching for the land of milk and honey
Brought to New Zealand
- Artistic skills
- Espresso coffee
- Work ethic
- Growing vegetables
- Grapes – wine
According to the Treaty of Waitangi, New Zealand is multiethnic (many different cultures) but bi- cultural (Maori
with immense difficulty you can access the knowledge net to find the history of Italians etc – sorry I couldn’t
even copy the www!