Features of Text Forms
"Reports can be straightforward
recounts of events, but many of them are more than this. They may contain accounts and descriptions, but they often do more
than describe a thing, event or situation. Some reports state a problem and suggest a solution. Some argue a case for or against
a particular option, supporting their case with evidence and making a recommendation."
The purpose of a report is to describe and classify information. Reports
have a logical sequence of facts that are stated without any personal involvement from the writer.
Informative reports are written about living things like plants and animals
and non-living things like cars or oceans. An information report is used when we talk and write about, eg. Bikes. (When
writing a description we only talk/write about one specific thing, eg. My Bike).
Reports usually consist of the following:
- an opening statement. (The Antarctic is a
large continent at the South Pole or Possums are nocturnal animals that were introduced to New Zealand from Australia)
- a series of facts about various aspects of the
subject eg where possums live, what they eat, problems they cause, etc.
- paragraphs have been used to organise information
- organisation of information is coherent
- diagrams, photographs, illustrations and maps
may be used to enhance the text
- reports don't usually have an 'ending", although
sometimes the detailed information is rounded off by some general statement about the topic.
- Nouns and noun phrases are used rather than personal pronouns. The use of personal pronouns is limited.
- Most reports are written in the present tense.
- Some reports use technical or scientific terms.
- Linking verbs are used, eg. is, are, has, have, belong to, to give coherence.
- Uses some action verbs (climb, eat).
- Descriptive language is used that is factual
rather than imaginative eg colour, shape, size, body parts, habits, behaviours, functions, uses.